Romanos I Lekapenos

Romanos I Lekapenos
   Emperor (q.v.) from 920-944. He was the first of a series of emperors, the last being Basil II (q.v.), who legislated against powerful landed magnates, the dynatoi (q.v.), by making it difficult for them to purchase peasant landholdings. His first edict, the novel (q.v.) of 922, made it difficult for the dynatoi to purchase peasant land except when they already owned property in the village. A subsequent edict in 934 expresses frustration that the dynatoi were circumventing the law and decreed the restoration of peasants' properties. At the beginning of his reign, the Tome of Union (q.v.) ended the long controversy over the tetragamy (q.v.). Externally, the war with Symeon of Bulgaria (q.v.) ended in 927, after which general John Kourkouas (q.v.) began offensive operations in Armenia and northern Mesopotamia (qq.v.), having mixed results against Sayf al-Dawla (q.v.) until he captured Melitene (q.v.) in 934. Nisibis, Dara, Amida, and Martyropolis (qq.v.) were captured in 943. In 944 he besieged Edessa (q.v.), which was forced to relinquish its famous mandylion (q.v.). Also worthy of mention is the failed attack on Constantinople by the Rus (qq.v.) in 941.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Romanos I — Lekapenos or Romanus I Lecapenus (Greek: Ρωμανός Α΄ Λακαπήνος, Rōmanos I Lakapēnos ; hy. Րոմանոս Ա Ղակապենոս, Romanos Ayp Ghagabenos ) (c. 870 ndash; June 15, 948) was Byzantine Emperor from 920 to his deposition on December 16, 944.… …   Wikipedia

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  • Constantine Lekapenos — Co emperor of the Byzantine Empire Miliaresion from 931–944, showing Romanos I s bust on a cross on the obverse and listing the …   Wikipedia

  • Christopher Lekapenos — Co emperor of the Byzantine Empire Gold solidus of Romanos I with Christopher Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Basil Lekapenos — (died c. 985) was the chief administator of the Byzantine Empire from 945 until 985.An illegitimate son of the emperor Romanos I Lekapenos, he was castrated when young. In about 945, around the time his father was deposed, Basil was appointed… …   Wikipedia

  • Theodora, wife of Romanos I — Theodora (d. 20 February, 922) was the wife of Romanos I.EmpressHer origins and background are not known. She became the mother in law to Constantine VII in May or June, 919 with the marriage of the young Emperor to her daughter Helena Lekapene.… …   Wikipedia

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  • Constantine Gongyles — (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Γογγύλης; ca. 913 – 949fl. ca. 913 – 949) was a Byzantine eunuch and court official who led a failed expedition against the Emirate of Crete in 949. Nothing is known of Constantine s early life, except that he came from… …   Wikipedia

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